1. Schematic design, consisting of schematic drawings and other documents which describe the general relationship and space requirements of the project, along with a cost estimate.
2. Design development, consisting of preliminary drawings, outline specifications, and other documents which describe the form, size and materials of a project and the structural, mechanical, and electrical systems to be utilized. A preliminary cost estimate is also prepared during this phase.
3. Construction documents, consisting of working drawings, final specifications and a final cost estimate.
4. Bidding or negotiation, which includes the receipt and evaluation of bids or negotiated proposals. It may also include preparing addenda to the contract.
5. Construction administration, consisting of the services rendered by the architect after bidding or negotiation to assure that the structure is built in accordance with the construction documents. In this phase the architect may issue change orders, approve shop drawings, choose or approve materials and colors, and issue payment approvals.